Adderall: Uses, Side Effects and Safety Info

Adderall

Adderall is a psychostimulant, a drug from the class of phenethylamines, used in some countries in the treatment of attention deficit and hyperactivity and narcolepsy. It’s also used illegally as a cognitive enhancer, both an aphrodisiac and for the sake of a euphoric effect. The drug is a mixture of two amphetamine salts, stereoisomers and inactive components. The salts are the active ingredients, distributed as follows: 75% Dextroamphetamine (right-rotary isomer) and 25% Levoamphetamine (left-handed isomer).

How does Adderall work?

Adderal works by increasing the activity of neurotransmitters norepinephrine and dopamine in the brain. The drug duplicates many of the chemical and pharmacological reactions of endogenous neurotransmitters, especially phenethylamine and methylphethylamine, the latter isomer of amphetamine, which is produced in humans.

The medication is generally well tolerated and effective in treating the symptoms of deficit hyperactivity disorder. The most common side effects are cardiovascular, such as increased heart rate, and psychological, such as euphoria or anxiety. Large doses of the drug are likely to impair cognitive function and cause rapid muscle breakdown. Drug abuse is a serious risk side effect of this drug, but it occurs in rare cases with therapeutic use. Very high doses can lead to a psychotic state (for example, delirium and paranoia), which is rarely seen with a therapeutic dosage even with prolonged use.

Studies using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) show that long-term drug treatment leads to a decrease in abnormalities in the brain structure and functions in patients with deficit hyperactivity disorder, improves the performance of certain brain regions, such as the caudate nucleus in the basal ganglia.

Current models of deficit hyperactivity disorder suggest that this is due to functional impairment in some mediator systems, including a decrease in dopamine neurotransmission in the mesocorticolimbic region and norepinephrine in the synapses in the blue spot and the prefrontal cortex.

Adderall is available in immediate-release tablets or sustained-release capsules.

Therapeutic doses of the drug increase productivity in solving both complex and repetitive tasks. Higher dosages disrupt short-term memory and cognitive processes, increase endurance and reaction time, primarily due to inhibition of dopamine reuptake.

In order to abuse the drug, the tablets are crushed and sniffed, less commonly dissolved in water and injected. The latter route of administration is extremely dangerous since the ballast substances contained in the tablets can cause obliteration of peripheral blood vessels.

Contraindications

Drug abuse, heart disease, neurotic diseases, atherosclerosis, glaucoma (increased intraocular pressure), hyperthyroidism (excessive production of thyroid hormone), hypertension. With caution, Adderall is prescribed under constant supervision if the patient has bipolar disorder, depression, hypertension, liver and kidney diseases, psychosis, Raynaud’s syndrome, convulsions.

Side effects

Physical effects: hypertension or hypotension, Raynaud’s syndrome (decrease in blood flow to the extremities), tachycardia, erectile dysfunction, abdominal pain, loss of appetite, nausea, dry mouth, gnashing of teeth, difficulty urinating, reduction or acceleration of the motility of the digestive tract.

Psychological effects: mood swings, insomnia, anxiety, irritability, obsessive states. Psychoses when using the drug for its intended purpose occur very rarely.
Pathological over-activation of the mesolimbic pathway that connects the areas of the ventral tire plays a central role in the formation of drug addiction.

Drug addiction is a serious risk of the non-medical use of Adderall, but it is unlikely to occur as a result of medical use in the prescribed amount. Tolerance is formed quickly with abuse of the drug.

In persons receiving long-term treatment with Adderall and other similar drugs, sudden discontinuation can cause a limited withdrawal syndrome, which disappears within 24 hours after their last dose.

Where to buy Adderall online?

This drug that can be used only after consulting a licensed doctor. If you re sure that your condition requires this medication, you can place an order at a reliable Canadian pharmacy. For this, you need to go to http://www.greenspluscanada.com. Important: incorrect use can cause serious side effects. If the brand-name or generic Adderall is not taken according to the instructions, it can cause mental instability, depression and heart problems.